Carcinoma, Malignancy, Neoplasms, Tumor.
Cancer begins in your cells, which are
building blocks of your body. Normally, your
body forms new cells as you need them,
replacing old cells that die. Sometimes this
process goes wrong. New cells grow - even
when you don’t need them, and old cells don’t
die when they should. These extra cells can
form a mass called a tumor. Tumors can be
benign or malignant. Benign tumors aren’t
cancer while malignant ones are. Cells from malignant tumors can
invade nearby tissues.
They can also break away and spread to other parts of the body.
Most cancers are named for where they start. For example, lung cancer
starts in the lung,
and breast cancer starts in the breast. The spread of cancer from
one part of the body to another is called metastasis. Symptoms and
treatment depend on the cancer type and how advanced it is. Treatment
plans may include surgery, radiation and/or chemotherapy.
Cancer: Questions and Answers (National Cancer Institute)
For further information, support and advice, contact the Cancer
Association of South Africa by clicking on the link below.